實驗室常用儀器中英文對照大全
來源:http://www.baguabar.com/   作者:紫外可見分光光度計    更新日期:2018-09-01 13:44:11   
摘要:實驗室常用儀器中英文對照大全。

實驗室常用儀器中英文對照大全


1、常用儀器
原子發射光譜儀Atomic Emission Spectrometer AES;
電感偶合等離子體發射光譜儀Inductive Coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometer ICP;
直流等離子體發射光譜儀Direct Current Plasma Emission Spectrometer DCP;
紫外-可見光分光光度計UV-VisibleSpectrophotometer UV-Vis;
微波等離子體光譜儀Microwave Inductive Plasma Emission Spectrometer MIP;
原子吸收光譜儀Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy AAS;
原子熒光光譜儀Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy AFS;
傅裏葉變換紅外光譜儀FT-IR Spectrometer FTIR;
傅裏葉變換拉曼光譜儀FT-Raman Spectrometer FTIR-Raman;
氣相色譜儀Gas Chromatograph GC;
高壓/效液相色譜儀HighPressure/Performance Liquid Chromatography HPLC;
離子色譜儀Ion Chromatograph;
凝膠滲透色譜儀Gel Permeation Chromatograph GPC;
體積排阻色譜Size Exclusion Chromatograph SEC;
X 射線熒光光譜儀X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer XRF X;
射線衍射儀X-Ray Diffractomer XRD;
同位素X熒光光譜儀IsotopeX-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometer;
電子能譜儀Electron Energy Disperse Spectroscopy;
能譜儀Energy Disperse Spectroscopy EDS;
質譜儀Mass Spectrometer MS;
ICP-質譜聯用儀ICP-MS ICP-MS;
氣相色譜-質譜聯用儀GC-MSGC-MS;
液相色譜-質譜聯用儀LC-MSLC-MS;
核磁共振波譜儀Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer NMR;
電子順磁共振波譜儀Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectrometer ESR;
極譜儀Polarograph;
伏安儀Voltammerter;
自動滴定儀Automatic Titrator;
電導儀Conductivity Meter;
pH計pH Meter;
水質分析儀Water Test Kits;
電泳儀Electrophoresis System;
表麵科學Surface Science;
電子顯微鏡Electro Microscopy;
光學顯微鏡Optical Microscopy;
金相顯微鏡Metallurgical Microscopy;
掃描探針顯微鏡Scanning Probe Microscopy;
表麵分析儀Surface Analyzer;
無損檢測儀Instrument for Nondestructive Testing;
物性分析Physical Property Analysis;
熱分析儀Thermal Analyzer;
粘度計Viscometer;
流變儀Rheometer;
粒度分析儀Particle Size Analyzer;
熱物理性能測定儀Thermal Physical Property Tester;
電性能測定儀Electrical Property Tester;
光學性能測定儀Optical Property Tester;
機械性能測定儀Mechanical Property Tester;
燃燒性能測定儀Combustion Property Tester;
老化性能測定儀Aging Property Tester;
生物技術分析Biochemical analysis;
PCR儀Instrument for Polymerase Chain ReactionPCR;
DNA及蛋白質的測序和合成儀Sequencers and Synthesizers for DNAand Protein;
傳感器Sensors;
其他Other/Miscellaneous;
流動分析與過程分析Flow Analytical and Process Analytical Chemistry;
氣體分析Gas Analysis;
基本物理量測定Basic Physics;
樣品處理Sample Handling;
金屬/材料元素分析儀Metal/materialelemental analysis;
環境成分分析儀CHN Analysis;
發酵罐Fermenter;
生物反應器Bio-reactor;
搖床Shaker;
離心機Centrifuge;
超聲破碎儀Ultrasonic Cell Disruptor;
超低溫冰箱Ultra-low Temperature Freezer;
恒溫循環泵Constant Temperature Circulator;
超濾器Ultrahigh Purity Filter;
凍幹機Freeze Drying Equipment;
部分收集器Fraction Collector;
氨基酸測序儀Protein Sequencer;
氨基酸組成分析儀Amino Acid Analyzer;
多肽合成儀Peptide synthesizer;
DNA測序儀DNA Sequencers;
DNA合成儀DNA synthesizer;
紫外觀察燈Ultraviolet Lamp;
分子雜交儀Hybridization Oven;
PCR儀PCR Amplifier;
化學發光儀Chemiluminescence Apparatus;
紫外檢測儀Ultraviolet Detector;
酶標儀ELIASA;
CO2培養箱CO2Incubators;
倒置顯微鏡Inverted Microscope;
超淨工作台Bechtop;
流式細胞儀Flow Cytometer;
微生物自動分析係統Automatic Analyzer for Microbes;
生化分析儀Biochemical Analyzer;
血氣分析儀Blood-gas Analyzer;
電解質分析儀Electrolytic Analyzer;
尿液分析儀Urine Analyzer;
臨床藥物濃度儀Analyzer for Clinic Medicine Concentration;
血球計數器Hematocyte Counter;

2、色譜術語
色譜圖chromatogram;
色譜峰chromatographic peak;
峰底peak base;
峰高h,peak height;
峰寬W,peak width;
半高峰寬Wh/2,peak width at halfheight;
峰麵積A,peak area;
拖尾峰tailing area;
前伸峰leading area;
假峰ghost peak;
畸峰distorted peak;
反峰negative peak;
拐點inflection point;
原點origin;
斑點spot;
區帶zone;
複班multiple spot;
區帶脫尾zone tailing;
基線base line;
基線漂移baseline drift;
基線噪聲N,baseline noise;
統計矩moment;
一階原點矩γ1,first origin moment;
二階中心矩μ2,second centralmoment;
三階中心矩μ3,third centralmoment;
液相色譜法liquid chromatography,LC;
液液色譜法liquid liquid chromatography,LLC;
液固色譜法liquid solid chromatography,LSC;
正相液相色譜法normal phase liquid chromatography;
反相液相色譜法reversed phase liquid chromatography,RPLC;
柱液相色譜法liquid column chromatography;
高效液相色譜法high performance liquid chromatography,HPLC;
尺寸排除色譜法size exclusion chromatography,SEC;
凝膠過濾色譜法gel filtration chromatography;
凝膠滲透色譜法gel permeation chromatography,GPC;
親和色譜法affinity chromatography;
離子交換色譜法ion exchange chromatography;
IEC離子色譜法ion chromatography;
離子抑製色譜法ion suppression chromatography;
離子對色譜法ion pair chromatography;
疏水作用色譜法hydrophobic interaction chromatography;
製備液相色譜法preparative liquid chromatography;
平麵色譜法planar chromatography;
紙色譜法paper chromatography;
薄層色譜法thin layer chromatography,TLC;
高效薄層色譜法high performance thin layer chromatography,HPTLC;
浸漬薄層色譜法impregnated thin layer chromatography;
凝膠薄層色譜法gel thin layer chromatography;
離子交換薄層色譜法ion exchange thin layer chromatography;
製備薄層色譜法preparative thin layer chromatography;
薄層棒色譜法thin layer rod chromatography;
液相色譜儀liquid chromatograph;
製備液相色譜儀preparative liquid chromatograph;
凝膠滲透色譜儀gel permeation chromatograph;
塗布器spreader;
點樣器sample applicator;
色譜柱chromatographic column;
棒狀色譜柱monolith column monolith column;
微粒柱microparticle column;
填充毛細管柱packed capillary column;
空心柱open tubular column;
微徑柱microbore column;
混合柱mixed column;
組合柱coupled column;
預柱precolumn;
保護柱guard column;
預飽和柱presaturation column;
濃縮柱concentrating column;
抑製柱suppression column;
薄層板thin layer plate;
濃縮區薄層板concentrating thin layer plate;
熒光薄層板fluorescence thin layer plate;
反相薄層板reversed phase thin layer plate;
梯度薄層板gradient thin layer plate;
燒結板sintered plate;
展開室development chamber;
往複泵reciprocating pump;
注射泵syringe pump;
氣動泵pneumatic pump;
蠕動泵peristaltic pump;
檢測器detector;
微分檢測器differential detector;
積分檢測器integral detector;
總體性能檢測器bulk property detector;
溶質性能檢測器solute property detector;
(示差)折光率檢測器[differential] refractiveindex detector;
熒光檢測器fluorescence detector;
紫外可見光檢測器ultraviolet visible detector;
電化學檢測器electrochemical detector;
蒸發(激光)光散射檢測器[laser] light scatteringdetector;
光密度計densitometer;
薄層掃描儀thin layer scanner;
柱後反應器post-column reactor;
體積標記器volume marker;
記錄器recorder;
積分儀integrator;
餾分收集器fraction collector;
工作站work station;
固定相stationary phase;
固定液stationary liquid;
載體support;
柱填充劑column packing;
化學鍵合相填充劑chemically bonded phase packing;
薄殼型填充劑pellicular packing;
多孔型填充劑porous packing;
吸附劑adsorbent;
離子交換劑ion exchanger;
基體matrix;
載板support plate;
粘合劑binder;
流動相mobiles phase;
洗脫(淋洗)劑eluant,eluent;
展開劑developer;
等水容劑isohydric solvent;
改性劑modifier;
顯色劑color [developing] agent;
死時間t0,dead time;
保留時間tR,retention time;
調整保留時間t'R,adjusted retentiontime;
死體積V0,dead volume;
保留體積vR,retention volume;
調整保留體積v'R,adjusted retentionvolume;
柱外體積Vext,extra-column volune;
粒間體積V0,interstitial volume;
(多孔填充劑的)孔體積VP,pore volume of porouspacking;
液相總體積Vtol,total liquid volume;
洗脫體積ve,elution volume;
流體力學體積vh,hydrodynamic volume;
相對保留值ri.s,relative retentionvalue;
分離因子α,separation factor;
流動相遷移距離dm,mobiles phasemigration distance;
流動相前沿mobiles phase front;
溶質遷移距離ds,solute migrationdistance;
比移值Rf,Rf value;
高比移值hRf,high Rf value;
相對比移值Ri.s,relative Rf value;
保留常數值Rm,Rm value;
板效能plate efficiency;
折合板高hr,reduced plateheight;
分離度R,resolution;
液相載荷量liquid phase loading;
離子交換容量ion exchange capacity;
負載容量loading capacity;
滲透極限permeability limit;
排除極限Vh,max,exclusion limit;
拖尾因子T,tailing factor;
柱外效應extra-column effect;
管壁效應wall effect;
間隔臂效應spacer arm effect;
邊緣效應edge effect;
斑點定位法localization of spot;
放射自顯影法autoradiography;
原位定量in situ quantitation;
生物自顯影法bioautography;
歸一法normalization method;
內標法internal standard method;
外標法external standard method;
疊加法addition method;
普適校準(曲線、函數)calibrationfunction or curve [function];
譜帶擴展(加寬)band broadening;
(分離作用的)校準函數或校準曲線universal calibrationfunction or curve [of separation];
加寬校正broadening correction;
加寬校正因子broadening correction factor;
溶劑強度參數ε0,solvent strengthparameter;
洗脫序列eluotropic series;
洗脫(淋洗) elution;
等度洗脫gradient elution;
梯度洗脫gradient elution;
(再)循環洗脫recycling elution;
線性溶劑強度洗脫linear solvent strength gradient;
程序溶劑programmed solvent;
程序壓力programmed pressure;
程序流速programmed flow;
展開development;
上行展開ascending development;
下行展開descending development;
雙向展開two dimensional development;
環形展開circular development;
離心展開centrifugal development;
向心展開centripetal development;
徑向展開radial development;
多次展開multiple development;
分步展開stepwise development;
連續展開continuous development;
梯度展開gradient development;
勻漿填充slurry packing;
停流進樣stop-flow injection;
閥進樣valve injection;
柱上富集on-column enrichment;
流出液eluate;
柱上檢測on-column detection;
柱壽命column life;
柱流失column bleeding;
顯譜visualization;
活化activation;
反衝back flushing;
脫氣degassing;
溝流channeling;
過載overloading。

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